What is Primary Care?
Brook, R and Young R, The Primary Care Physician and Health Reform, JAMA, vol303;15, April 2010
Friedberg M, Hussey P 2010. Primary Care: A Critical Review of the Evidence on Quality and Costs of Health Care, Health Affairs, 29;5;766-772.
Meyers, D. and C. Clancy. February 2009. Primary Care: Too Important to Fail. Annals of Internal Medicine, 150:272-273.
Pham, H., A. O'Malley, P. Bach, C. Saiontz-Martinez, and D. Schrag. February 2009. Primary Care Physicians' Links to Other Physicians Through Medicare Patients: The Scope of Care Coordination. Annals of Internal Medicine 150:236-42.
Starfield, B. 1998. Primary Care: Balancing Health Needs, Services, and Technology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Supply and Shortage
American College of Physicians. 2006. The Impending Collapse of Primary Care Medicine and Its Implications for the State of the Nation’s Health Care:A Report from the American College of Physicians
Bodenheimer, T., R. Berenson, and P. Rudolf. February 2007. The Primary Care-Specialty Income Gap: Why It Matters. Annals of Internal Medicine, 146:301-6.
Bohmer, R 2010. Managing The New Primary Care: The New Skills That Will Be Needed
, Health Affairs
Hauer, K. et al. September 2008. Factors Associated With Medical Students' Career Choices Regarding Internal Medicine JAM A
Isaacs, S., P. Jellinek, and W. Ray. February 2009. The Independent Physician—Going, Going… New England Journal of Medicine, 360:655-7.
Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. Improving Access to Adult Primary Care in Medicaid: Exploring the Potential Role of Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants, March 2011.
Linzer et al. July 2009. Working Conditions in Primary Care: Physician Reactions and Care Quality. Annals of Internal Medicine 151:28-36.
National Association of Community Health Centers. ACCESS for All America Reports:
Palmeri, Martin, et al 2010. Economic Impact of a Primary Care Career: A Harsh Reality for Medical Students and the Nation, Journal of the AAMC, 85;11;1692-1697.
Rieselbach, R 2010. Teaching Primary Care in Community Health Centers: Addressing the Workforce Crisis for the Underserved, Annals of Internal Medicine, 152;2;118-122.
Steinwald, A. B. February 2008. Primary Care Professionals: Recent Supply Trends, Projections, and Valuation of Services. Government Accountability Office GAO-08-472T
World Health Organization (WHO). 2008. The World Health Report 2008: Primary Health Care Now More Than Ever.
Strategies, Solutions, and ACA Provisions
Adashi, E. et al. Health Care Reform and Primary Care—The Growing Importance of the Community Health Center, New England Journal of Medicine, 362;22, 2010.
Bennet, K, 2010. Finding, Recruiting, and Sustaining the Future Primary Care Physician Workforce: A New Theoretical Model of Specialty Choice Process, Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 85;10;81-88.
BodenheimerT and Pham, H 2010. Primary Care: Current Problems and Proposed Solutions, Health Affairs, 29;5;799-805
Dentzer Susan, 2010. Reinventing Primary Care: A Task That is Far ‘Too Important To Fail’, Health Affairs, 29;5;757.
Grumbach, K. and J. Mold. June 2009. A Health Care Cooperative Extension Service: Transforming Primary and Community Health. JAMA, 301:2589-91.
Hawkins, D., M. Proser, and R. Schwartz. Fall 2007. Health Reform and Healthcare Homes: The Role of Community Health Centers. Harvard Health Policy Review, 8(2).
Institute of Medicine, 2012. Primary Care and Public Health: Exploring Integration to Improve Population Health.
This report recommends ways that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) could foster integration between primary care and public health through funding, policy levers, and other means.
Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, April 2009, Volume 32 Issue 2.The Journal of Ambulatory Care Management devoted its April/June 2009 issue to Innovations in Primary Care in the Americas.
Ku, L. Jones, K et al, 2011. The States' Next Challenge-- Securing Primary Care for Expanded Medicaid Populations, New England Journal of Medicine, 364:6: 493-495.
Landon B. et al 2010. Prospects For Rebuilding Primary Care Using The Patient-Centered Medical Home, Health Affairs, 29:5827-5834.
Leighton K et al. The States’ Next Challenge—Securing Primary Care for Expanded Medicaid Populations. The New England Journal of Medicine,364:493-495, Feb 2011.
Margolius D, Bodenheimer T 2010. Transforming Primary Care: From Past Practice To The Practice of the Future, Health Affairs, 29;5;779-784.
New England Journal of Medicine, November 2008, Volume 359 Number 20.
In fall 2008, NEJM dedicated its November 13th issue to articles addressing the future of primary care, including:
Lee, T. The Need for Reinvention
Treadway, K. Sustaining Relationships
Bodenheimer, T. Transforming Practice
Goroll, A. Reforming Physician Payment
Starfield, B. Refocusing the System
Roland, M. Lessons from the U.K.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). October 2008. The Looming Crisis of the Health Workforce: How Can OECD Countries Respond?
Scheffler, R. et al. December 2008. The Future of Primary Care—The Community Responds. New England Journal of Medicine, 359:2636-9.
Smith, Stephen 2011. A Recipe for Medical Schools to Prodcue Primary Care Physicians, New England Journal of Medicine, 364:6:496-497.